BLUE BRAIN —– ABSTRACT & SEMINARS

By | December 17, 2012
                 
                                                              BLUE BRAIN
DEFINITION :
         Blue brain ” –The name of the world’s first virtual brain.
That means a machine that can function as human brain. Today scientists
are in research to create an artificial brain that can think, response,
take decision, and keep anything in memory. The main aim is to upload
human brain into machine. So that man can think, take decision without
any effort. After the death of the body, the virtual brain will act as
the man .So, even after the death of a person we will not loose the
knowledge, intelligence, personalities, feelings and memories of that
man that can be used for the development of the human society.

        No one has ever understood the
complexity of human brain. It is complex than any circuitry in the
world. So, question may arise “Is it really possible to create a human
brain?” The answer is “Yes”. Because what ever man has created today
always he has followed the nature. When man does not have a device
called computer, it was a big question for all .But today it is possible
due to the technology. Technology is growing faster than every thing.
IBM is now in research to create a virtual brain. It is called “Blue brain “.If possible, this would be the first virtual brain of the world.
NEWS: The EPFL Blue Gene was the 8th fastest supercomputer in the world 
How it is possible?
 
              First, it is helpful to describe the basic manners
in which a person may be uploaded into a computer. Raymond Kurzweil
recently provided an interesting paper on this topic. In it, he
describes both invasive and noninvasive techniques. The most promising
is the use of very small robots, or nanobots. These
robots will be small enough to travel throughout our circulatory
systems. Traveling into the spine and brain, they will be able to
monitor the activity and structure of our central nervous system. They
will be able to provide an interface with computers that is as close as
our mind can be while we still reside in our biological form.

        Nanobots could also carefully scan the
structure of our brain, providing a complete readout of the connections
between each neuron. They would also record the current state of the
brain. This information , when entered into a computer,
could then continue to function as us. All that is required is a
computer with large enough storage space and processing power. Is the
pattern and state of neuron connections in our brain truly all that
makes up our conscious selves? Many people believe firmly those we
posses a soul, while some very technical people believe that quantum
forces contribute to our awareness. But we have to now think
technically. Note, however, that we need not know how the brain actually
functions, to transfer it to a computer. We need only know the media
and contents. The actual mystery of how we achieved consciousness in the
first place, or how we maintain it, is a separate discussion.



Uploading human brain: 

           The uploading is possible by the use of small robots known as the Nanobots . These
robots are small enough to travel through out our circulatory system.
Traveling into the spine and brain, they will be able to monitor the
activity and structure of our central nervous system. They will be able
to provide an interface with computers that is as close as our mind can
be while we still reside in our biological form. Nanobots could also
carefully scan the structure of our brain, providing a complete readout
of the connections. This information, when entered into a computer,
could then continue to function as us. Thus the data stored in the
entire brain will be uploaded into the computer.
        
        IBM, in partnership with
scientists at Switzerland’s Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne’s
(EPFL) Brain and Mind Institute will begin simulating the brain’s
biological systems and output the data as a working 3-dimensional model
that will recreate the high-speed electro-chemical interactions that
take place within the brain’s interior. These include cognitive
functions such as language, learning, perception and memory in addition
to brain malfunction such as psychiatric disorders like depression and
autism. From there, the modeling will expand to other regions of the
brain and, if successful, shed light on the relationships between
genetic, molecular and cognitive functions of the brain.
           
        The model brain can accurately
echo the song of a South American sparrow. The bird sing by forcing air
from their lungs past folds of tissue in the voice box. The electric
impulses from the brain that force the lungs had been recorded and when
the equivalent impulses were passed to the computer model of the lungs
of the bird it begins to sing like the bird.
          
        In conclusion, we will be able to
transfer ourselves into computers at some point. Most arguments against
this outcome are seemingly easy to circumvent. They are either simple
minded, or simply require further time for technology to increase. The
only serious threats raised are also overcome as we note the combination
of biological and digital technologies. 
       Sources : 

http://www.Bluebrain.com, http://www.bbrws.org

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